A Beginner’s Photography Guide*

I first learnt about photography in 2015 at college. Things like aperture, shallow depth of field and shutter speed all went over my head but after research, assignments and a lot of practice I like to say that I can confidently use my DSLR on fully manual settings. This guide will bring to you information and advice on all of the different technical aspects/controls on your camera in helping you become familiar to all those different terms.

The Camera

The first thing to a guide about photography is of course the camera. There are an array of cameras on the market for all different professions and budgets. If you’re a professional filmmaker or someone who has the budget for a 4k (ultra high definition) camera, Panasonic has sponsored this post to bring to you what is a good 4k camera technical aspects of their 4k Lumix range. I personally opt for a DSLR but there are also generic point and shoots as well as bridge cameras!

Shutter Speed

The shutter speed, as you guessed, controls how fast the shutter of the camera works and how long it’s open for. There’s a range of different speeds like 30 seconds, 1/60, 1/200 and over 1/2000. All have their different uses in accordance to what you want out of your image. For an everyday situation you probably don’t want to go any slower than 1/60. This is because anything slow with introduce camera shake to the image and it’s best to use a tripod for anything slower. A slower shutter speed might be used when it’s darker and an even slower speed might be used for creative photography- think light trails or blurred motion images.


This is a bad example but you get the idea!

Aperture (F-stop)

The aperture of a photo/camera is a little more confusing to understand, in my opinion. I think of the aperture (which is measured in f-stop) as either blurry background or none blurry background. A low f-stop of around f/1.8 will give you an image with an extremely focused foreground and a very blurred background which can give off some gorgeous final images. An f-stop of around f/11 tends to give an image where all subjects/products in frame are in focus. The aperture of a camera is the hole in which the light travels through so the important thing to remember is that the lower the f-stop, the bigger the hole is.

Shallow depth of field with an aperture of around f/2.8


No, this isn’t that Apple software. The ISO is basically the sensitivity of the image sensor so the higher you increase the ISO (100 is low and 3200 is high) the brighter the image gets. However, if you shoot on a high ISO the image reduces in quality and produces noise on the image which means that the photo becomes grainy. I like to set my ISO accordingly after i’ve set the aperture and the shutter speed.


All of these settings come together to create the perfect image and it takes a lot of practice to be able to know the perfect combination. After years of practice I know certain standard settings for different situation/lightings but I know there’s still a lot more learning to do! I don’t claim to be an expert but I just wanted to share with you an easy explanation of these aspects which can get really technical!


*This blog post is sponsored by Panasonic, however all opinions are my own and are in no way biased*

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